CRTC Electronics

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Power

Power is energy per unit of time. The SI unit for power is the **watt** (W) which equals a **joule per second** (J/s), with joule being the SI unit for **energy** and second being the SI unit for **time**. When somebody plugs an appliance into a receptacle to use electricity to make that appliance function, that person provides electrical energy for the appliance. The appliance usually functions by turning that electrical energy into heat, light, or work — or perhaps converts it into electrical energy again in a different form. If this situation is ongoing, it is said that the receptacle or electric power company delivers power to the appliance. The current from the receptacle going in and out of the appliance effectively carries the power and the appliance absorbs the power.

Multiplying a unit of power by a unit of time would result in a unit that represents a quantity of energy. Therefore, multiplying a kilowatt by an hour gives a kilowatt-hour (kW·h), a unit often used by electrical power companies to represent an amount of electrical energy generated or provided to consumers.

For direct current (DC), power *P* can be calculated by multiplying the voltage and current, when they are known.

P=VI